Badminton Vs Tennis Vs Squash-What Is Best For You?

Staying fit and healthy is becoming a worldwide trend today and going to the gym is one of the ways which people choose to lose weight. There are those who find going to the gym a little boring so they opt to engage in sports. Badminton, tennis and squash are among the choices for losing weight and being healthy, but how do you know which one is perfect for you?

Although badminton, tennis and squash are all racquet sports; there are significant differences among these three sports. Read along as each sport is discussed in details and we might be able to help you choose which one is best for you.

Badminton

History

The history of the sport can be traced back to as early as mid-1800s which was created by the British military officers in British India.

56297071-kashyap-badminton-2Badminton is somewhat similar to the traditional game called battledoor and shuttlecock whereas the game is played by two people with small rackets (battledoor) which are made up of parchment or row of gut stretched across a wooden frame. A shuttlecock has a base made up of a light material such as a cork with attached trimmed feathers on the top. The object of this game is to hit the shuttlecock to and fro as many times without letting it fall to the ground.

About 2,000 years ago in ancient Greece, game with shuttlecocks originated in this place. Since then, its popularity spread to Indo-Greek kingdoms to India then going further east to China and Siam. When it reached India, the game was modified and a net was placed between the opposing players and it was now called ball badminton.

Ball badminton was similar to battledoor and shuttlecock with regards to the rules and objective, the difference was in the ball that they used. The game was played by the royalties in Tamil Nadu, India whereas instead of the feathered shuttlecock, a yellow ball made of wool was used. They also made a court with fixed dimensions and was divided by a net in the middle.

It is believed that the Badminton House, Gloucestershire which was owned by the Duke of Beaufort gave the game its name but it is still unclear on how and when it came about.

In 1877, badminton started to be played in England with the set of rules that originated in British India. In 1887, the rules were revised to a standard regulation applicable to English ideas by J.H.E. Hart and made another revision in 1890 with Bagnel Wild. The Badminton Association of England published the first set of rules in 1893; these rules are similar with what is being followed today. They also officially launched badminton in a house called “Dunbar” in the same year. In 1899, the All England Open Badminton Championships which is the first badminton competition in the world started.

The Badminton World Federation (previously named the International Badminton Federation) was first established at Canada in 1934 with the founding members such as: Denmark, France, England, the Netherlands, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and New Zealand.  India joined as an associate in 1936. The BFW is the governing body of international badminton at present.

How It’s Played

The sport involves two opponents who will alternately hit the shuttlecock once over the net into the opponents’ side. A racquet and a shuttlecock are the main equipment of this game. A racquet is primarily made up of a handled frame with a hoop in the middle where a network of tightly stretched cords is arranged. Stiffness and lightness are the best features of good badminton racquet. A shuttlecock is conical in shape and is made up of 16 feathers overlapping each other and are equally lengthened and neatly arranged in a row that is secured by a rounded cork on the base. A point is scored when the shuttlecock touches the ground which means that the rally ended. One match is made up of three games with 21 point each. There are five categories in professional badminton: men’s singles, men’s doubles, mixed doubles, women’s singles and women’s doubles.

Skills Needed

SAINA--621x414There are 2 strokes that you need to learn in badminton, and these are: forehand and backhand.  These two strokes depend on the hand orientation of the player, whether he is right handed or left handed. A forehand stroke is done by hitting using the front of your hand (like hitting with your palm) while a backhand stroke is done by hitting using the back of your hand (like hitting with your knuckles).

Benefits For Health

Badminton is a form of and aerobic exercise or a cardio exercise in other terms. It has multiple health benefits to its players and these benefits increase as the players also engage in the sport for a longer time. One must play up to 30 minutes a day to be able to obtain the optimal effect of badminton in one’s health. Here are some of the effects of badminton in one’s health:

  • Playing badminton reduces bad cholesterol (LDL) and increases good cholesterol (HDL).
  • It helps reduce blood pressure which means it is a good exercise for those who have hypertension
  • It lessens the risk of heart attack by strengthening the heart muscles and prevents blood vessel from clogging
  • It helps in managing weight by burning excess calories
  • It can also help in preventing osteoporosis

Tennis

History

t1It was believed that the game’s ancient origin can be traced back to the 12th century in France where a ball was hit using the palm of the hand. Racquets emerged and were first used in the 16th century and the game was started to be called “tennis.”  The game was only played indoors where the ball can only be hit off the wall and this was popular in England in France, this is known as real tennis.

The name tennis came from the old French word tenez which means “hold”, “receive” or “take” in English. The game of tennis is usually played by the royalties back then such as: King James of Scotland I, Francis I of France, Henry II, Louis X and Charles VIII. In 1571, King Charles IX approved a constitution to the Corporation of Tennis Professionals which created the first pro tennis ‘tour’ that established three professional levels: apprentice, associate and master. In 1599, the first codification of rules was published by a professional writer named Forbet.

During the 18th and 19th century real tennis declined and new racquet sports started to emerge in England, these are: racquets, squash racquets and lawn tennis.

How It’s Played

Tennis can either be played individually by two opposing players or between two teams with two players in each team. It is an Olympic sport and can be played by anyone who can hold a racquet.

The mechanisms of a tennis racquet comprise of a handle with a neck which connects it to a elliptical frame which holds tightly drawn strings matrix which were made up of animal gut traditionally but soon changed into synthetic strings. The frame of the racquet is presently made up of titanium. The hitting area must be flat and uniformed; the frame cannot be more than a length of 29 inches and width of 12.5 inches.  The balls used in tennis has progressed a lot since it was manufactured from cloth strips only stitched together to the present tennis ball which is made felt coating hollow rubber. The color was traditionally white but was altered to optic yellow in the late 20th century for better visibility. The official diameter of a tennis ball is 65.41 to 68.58mm and the weight must be between 56.0 to 59.4g.

A tennis match is played best of 3 or 5 sets and each set consists of 6 games. Each game ends when one player wins 4 points or wins 2 consecutive points at deuce points.  A tennis ball should bounce once on the floor before a player may hit.

A player may score a point when: the opponent fails to return the ball after the first bounce, hits the ball into the net, able to return the ball but goes out of bounds and double faults when serving.

Skills Needed

t2A good grip on the tennis racquet is a fundamental skill. A player must know a forehand and backhand stroke just like in badminton. A ground stroke is when the opponent is able to return the ball after the first bounce. A volley is done by hitting the ball in midair before it touches the ground.

Benefits For Health

Just like the badminton, tennis is also an aerobic/cardio workout. And there are also a number of health benefits tennis can bring:

  • It is not only a physical sport nor a sport of strength, but rather it is both mental and physical. It is a low impact sport so anyone can play it.
  • It helps in lowering blood pressure
  • Manages a person’s weight
  • Reducing the risk of heart diseases

Squash

History

It is linked to tennis through the use of stringed racquets in the 16th century but is more closely related to the game racquets.

It was invented in 1830 at Harrow School. Its history does not really come from a long way back because it emerged when real tennis lost its popularity in the 19th century. Changes have been made with this sport with regards to its rules and standards. The standards for squash were set in 1907 by the Tennis, Racquets and Five Association and finally gave the sport the name “Squash”.

How It’s Played

Squash is just like badminton and tennis that requires a racquet in the game. It can be played by two or four players within a four walled court. Players should alternately strike the ball with the racquet and hit the ball to the playable surfaces of the four walls of the court.

s2The standard racquets are similar with that of the tennis racquets but have different measurements with dimensions of 686 mm long and 215 mm wide. Squash balls are made up of a hollow rubber material and are buffed to a matte finish. Different specifications are required for squash balls depending on the speed of play and player level.

Squash is played inside a court with four walls and these four walls have different playing surfaces on them where players must hit the ball.

The current scoring system of squash for all levels is called point a rally scoring (PARS). In this scoring system, it does not matter whether you are the server or the receiver because the winner of the rally will always be the one who will receive the point. Games are played to 11 but players must win by two points.

Another scoring system used in squash is the American scoring, the only difference it has with PARS is that games are played up to 15. Matches are usually played best of five.

Skills Needed

s1The key strategy in this game is known as “dominating the T”. There are different tactics and strategies for this. Also, there are different types of shot played in squash and these are: straight drive, boast, volley, drop shot, lob, cross court, kill, tickle boast, squeeze boast and a whole lot more.

In order to play the sort effectively, you must know the different shots and must understand well the game.

Benefits For Health

Aside from the health benefits that were mentioned earlier in badminton and tennis, squash can also promote those; here are a few more health benefits that squash can make:

  • Boosts flexibility and sprint speed
  • Improves hand-eye coordination
  • Develops the strength of your leg and arm muscles
  • Promotes concentration and mental strength

There are still a lot of things that sports can bring about in your overall health and it is still your choice on which sport you will participate into.

 

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